Digging Up D.C. History

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Not all archaeology involves excavations in far off deserts—at the National Park Service, Museum Studies alumna Kate Birmingham shows Washingtonians that discoveries can happen at home.

 

No one has ever confused the Anacostia River with the mighty sweep of the Nile. But to archaeologist Kate Birmingham, CCAS MA ’10, a cultural resources program manager with the National Park Service (NPS), the Washington waterway is as rich in history as any of the world’s most celebrated rivers. From the traces of Native American settlements along the Anacostia banks to the prehistoric history of Piscataway Park, Birmingham calls the D.C. region an archaeological research gold mine for anyone willing to explore it.

“When people hear ‘archaeology,’ they picture mummies,” she said. “No one thinks of cities as historic sites. But discoveries are made all the time, right here in our own community.”

Since graduating the Museum Studies Program with a focus in collections management, Kate, who holds an undergraduate degree in archaeology from the University of Pittsburgh, has championed urban archaeology. At NPS, she engages the public in local excavation finds. She oversees archaeological activity and collections care for 16 sites, such as Fort Washington Park and the Frederick Douglass House. She was a leader in an award-winning excavation of a hidden Maryland slave village.

Now, she’s training the next generation of explorers through a NPS youth initiative.

“Everything you find at every site—every button, every oyster shell, every block of stone and mortar—helps paint the landscape of our collective past,” she said. “I want my passion for my work to inspire the young historic preservationists of the future.”

Preserving the Past

Even as a child, Kate was drawn to archaeology. Her inspiration came not from an Indiana Jones adventure, but from a staid PBS documentary on the excavation of olive oil jars in Greece.

“It wasn’t very romantic, not like finding gold in ancient Egypt,” she recalled. “But when I saw that crew pulling row upon row of jars from the dirt, I thought, ‘That’s it, that’s what I want to do.’”

After working as an archaeologist for private firms, her focus shifted to the care of valuable collections. Archaeology, she surmised, does not end with the dig. All too often, Kate saw precious artifacts ignored or mishandled.

Kate Birmingham educates D.C. residents on the region’s archaeological history.

Kate Birmingham educates D.C. residents on the region’s archaeological history.

From rusty nails to chipped ceramic bowls, artifacts must be recorded, labeled and bagged with precision. “You can’t randomly throw things in a box and put them on a shelf,” she said.

Kate enrolled in the Columbian College Museum Studies program to gain practical experience in collections care and to learn from working professionals.

“Kate was highly organized and a good communicator—two critical skills for success in her chosen field of collections care,” said Assistant Director of Museum Studies Martha Morris, who was Kate’s academic advisor.

As part of the program’s internship component, Kate cataloged archaeological collections at the NPS. That led directly to her current job.

At the NPS, Kate made headlines when her team uncovered the remains of an historic slave village, among the largest in Maryland.

Using ground-penetrating radar, her crew identified the foundations of six slave quarters on L’Hermitage, a 740-acre Frederick County plantation owned by a notoriously cruel French family. By 1800, L’Hermitage was home to 90 slave laborers, 10 times the number the plantation could sustain.

As field director, Kate supervised the excavation, often coordinating volunteers and interns as they sifted through buttons, buckles and animal bones—all clues to the slaves’ day-to-day ordeals. With the site open to the public, she guided crowds of onlookers through the excavation process.

“They looked over our shoulders and asked questions literally as we pulled artifacts out of the dirt,” she said. “They saw discoveries happen as we made them.”

Her efforts were recognized with the prestigious 2014 John L. Cotter Award for Excellence in National Park Service Archeology.

Kate also brings her passion for discovery to the Urban Archeology Corps, an eight-week summer internship that introduces young people from the D.C. area to archaeology in urban settings.

“Many of them have never seen archaeology in action and probably never considered it as a career,” she said.

Among other projects, the students engage in a trash pick-up activity, sorting through park garbage like explorers sifting through ruins. Kate then advises them on how to use those skills in an actual archaeological setting.

“As archaeologists, we are looking at people’s trash from the past,” she said. “It’s a record of where people were and what they were doing.”

Today, Kate spends less time excavating sites than she does advising park managers how to preserve them.

“The work is important and rewarding, and I don’t track as much dirt into my car,” she laughed.

John DiConsiglio

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